Also known as “Baby Doc,” Jean-Claude Duvalier terrorized Haiti from 1971 to 1986, picking up where his father François “Papa Doc” Duvalier had left off. Duvalier’s army and the dreaded Tonton Macoutes death squad systematically beat, imprisoned, tortured, and killed the regime’s political opponents. Nearly 50,000 Haitians were killed under the combined reign of father and son. Duvalier and his profligate wife, Michèle Bennett, looted hundreds of millions of dollars while the Haitian people starved, forcing Haiti to become dependent on foreign aid.
Image: Félix Beltrán Concepcíon, Cese el terror duvalierista. Stop Duvalier’s Terrorism. (197o-79?). Source: Sam L. Slick Collection of Latin American Political Posters, University of New Mexico.