Tag Archives: Dessalines

Jean-Jacques Dessalines

What then? Bent for many ages under an iron yoke; the sport of the passions of men, or their injustice, and of the caprices of fortune; mutilated victims of the cupidity of white Frenchmen; after having fattened with our toils these insatiate blood suckers, with a patience and resignation unexampled, we should again have seen […]

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Haiti: Le Serment des Ancêtres

Lethière Guillaume Guillon, Le Serment des Ancêtres (1822), Museée National d’Haïti, Port-au-Prince, Haïti Lethière Guillaume Guillon (1760-1832)

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May 18th: Haitian Flag Day

Historically, students in Haiti learn that on May 18th, 1803, in a congress held at Arachaie, a township located about fifty miles north of Port-au-Prince, Dessalines created the country’s first flag. Ripping apart a French one — blue, white and red, he threw away the white portion that was in the center and asked Catherine […]

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Haiti: Madame Toussaint, Empress Dessalines

The widow of the unfortunate Toussaint has just landed upon our continent. Her account of her own and her husband’s sufferings, from Bonaparte’s tyranny, would be incredible, were they not already equaled by the Corsican’s former atrocities. “An Account of the Wife of Toussaint L’Ouverture,” The Christian Observer (1804) Josephine Dessalines is humane, good-natured, and […]

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Haiti: Liberty or Death

Never again shall a Colonial or an European set his foot upon this territory with the title of master or proprietor. This resolution shall henceforward form the fundamental basis of our constitution. Jean-Jacques Dessalines, “Liberty or Death: Proclamation,” Balance and Columbian Repository (June 19, 1804)

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